Startpage for Swedish National Agency for Higher Education

 
 
Please note! The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education was closed down on 31 December 2012. Instead two new agencies have been established: the Swedish Council for Higher Education and the Swedish Higher Education Authority. This website will continue to operate as the new agencies will have links to information it contains.  

The Higher Education Ordinance

Please note that the translation of this act is only updated twice a year. Last updated November 2011.

This version contains amendments up to and including the Act on Amendment of the Higher Education Ordinance (2011:946).

The translation is not an official translation. 

Swedish Code of Statutes, SFS No: 1993:100
Department/Agency: Ministry of Education and Research, Sweden
Issued: 4 February 1993

Chapter 1 General provisions


To chapter 1 »

Chapter 2 Boards of governors, vice-chancellors and other organisational provisions


To chapter 2 »

Chapter 3 has ceased to apply

Chapter 4 Teachers


To chapter 4 »

Chapter 5 Employment of doctoral students etc.


To chapter 5 »

Chapter 6 Courses and study programmes


To chapter 6 »

Chapter 7 Admission to courses and study programmes


To chapter 7 »

Chapters 8 and 9

have ceased to apply

Chapter 10 Disciplinary measures


To chapter 10 »

Chapter 11 has ceased to apply

Chapter 12 Appeals


To chapter 12 »

Entry into effect and transitional provisions
To ordinances »

Annex 1 List of higher education institutions


To annex 1 »

Annex 2 Qualifications ordinance


To annex 2 »

Annex 3

  

Allocation of places on the basis of grades and the credit value of grades


To annex 3 »

Annex 4

Subject combinations


To annex 4 »

Chapter 1 General provisions

Higher education institutions for which the government is the accountable authority

Section 1

Pursuant to the Higher Education Act (1992:1434), this ordinance contains regulations concerning higher education institutions for which the government is the accountable authority. These higher education institutions are listed in annex 1 to this ordinance.

The special regulations that apply to Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences) are laid down in Ordinance 1993:221 and to Försvarshögskolan (Swedish National Defence College) in Ordinance 2007:1164. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Definitions

Section2

The term higher education institution is used hereafter to refer to both universities and university colleges unless otherwise stated.

Section 3

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 4

In this ordinance 'student' refers to those who have been admitted to and pursue higher education studies, 'third-cycle student' to those who have been admitted to and pursue third-cycle studies, in both cases in so far as not otherwise specifically stated. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Exemptions from the Government Agencies and Institutes Ordinance

Section 5

The following provisions of the Government Agencies and Institutes Ordinance (2007:515) shall not apply to higher education institutions:

Section 2 on the management of agencies and institutes
Section 4 on the responsibilities of senior officers
Section 5 on delegation
Sections 9—18 on agencies led by a director general (enrådighetsmyndigheter), by a board (styrelsemyndigheter ) and on tribunals (nämndmyndigheter), and
Sections 22—24 on employment and duties.

In applying the Government Agencies and Institutes Ordinance, ‘head of the agency´ shall be taken to mean ‘vice-chancellor´. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Internal audits

Section 5a

Uppsala University, Lund University, the University of Gothenburg, Stockholm University, Umeå University, Linköping University, Karolinska Institutet, the Royal Institute of Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Karlstad University, Linnaeus University, Örebro University, Mid Sweden University, Malmö University College and Mälardalen University College shall apply the Internal Audit Ordinance (2006:1228). Ordinance (2006:1326).

Section 6

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Student representatives

Section 7

The Ordinance on Student Unions (2009:769) contains regulations on who is to appoint representatives for students. Ordinance (2009:770).
The Ordinance concerning Remuneration for Positions on Government Boards, Committees, Councils, etc. (1992:1299) shall apply to the members of the board of governors of a higher education institution appointed by the students. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 7a

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 7b

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 8

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 9

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 10


Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:544).

Health care, student social welfare and the study environment

Section 11

The higher education institutions shall be responsible for providing students with access to health care, in particular preventive health care intended to promote the physical and mental health of the students. The higher education institution shall also be responsible for other student welfare activities to support students in their studies or facilitate their transition to the labour market as well as otherwise providing students with a sound environment in which to study. Ordinance (2009:770).

Insurance

Section 11a

Higher education institutions shall be responsible for ensuring that the students are insured against personal injury. This insurance shall cover injuries resulting from accidents or caused by an infection of the kind referred to in Section 5 of the Ordinance concerning Work Injury Insurance and State Personal Injury Insurance (1977:284), provided that the injury has occurred in connection with higher education in Sweden. The insurance shall not confer entitlement to any benefit to which the student is eligible pursuant to a statute or collective agreement.
Insurance cover shall be provided by an agreement between Studiemedelsnämnden (Swedish National Board of Student Aid), acting on behalf of the higher education institutions, and Kammarkollegiet (Swedish Legal, Financial and Administrative Services Agency). This agreement and any amendments to it shall be made subject to the approval of the Government. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 11b

Higher education institutions for which the Government is the accountable authority may, through an agreement with the Legal, Financial and Administrative Services Agency, provide insurance cover against personal injury incurred by their students in connection with higher education courses and study programmes outside Sweden. This insurance may, however, apply only to studies pursued at a higher education institution in another country pursuant to an agreement between the institutions concerned. The insurance shall cover the same types of injury and students as specified in section 11a.

Higher education institutions for which the Government is the accountable authority may through agreement with the Swedish Legal, Financial and Administrative Services Agency also provide insurance cover for health and dental care as well accidents during their leisure time in Sweden for students who pursuant to Section 5 of the Ordinance on Application Fees and Tuition Fees at Higher Education Institutions (2010:543) are required to pay tuition fees. This insurance shall help to provide the comprehensive health insurance that pursuant to Section 5 of Chapter 4 of the Aliens Ordinance (2006:97) is a requirement for a residence permit for studies. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Information for Högskoleverket (Swedish National Agency for Higher Education)

Section 12

Higher education institutions shall provide the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education with the information about their operations that the agency may request. Ordinance (1996:568).

Entitlement to use teaching premises

Section 13

A higher education institution is obliged to allow a democratically constituted association of its students to use its teaching premises for meetings arranged by the association for its members provided that the purpose of the meeting is to inform, express opinions or the like, or the performance of an artistic work. Persons invited by the association to attend the meeting may not be refused admission to the venue of the meeting.

The provisions laid down in the first paragraph shall not apply if there is reason to assume that a serious disturbance of public order will occur or unlawful activity take place at the meeting. Nor shall the first paragraph apply if use of the premises by an association is incompatible with the orderly conduct of the higher education institution's affairs or with its obligations to third parties. Ordinance (1998:1003).

Course evaluations

Section 14

Higher education institutions shall enable students who are participating in or have completed a course to express their experiences of and views on the course through a course evaluation to be organised by the higher education institution.

The higher education institution shall collate the course evaluations and provide information about their results and any actions prompted by the course evaluations. The results shall be made available to the students. Ordinance (2000:651).

Section 15

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Investigation of suspected misconduct

Section 16

A higher education institution that receives a complaint or becomes aware in some other way of suspected misconduct in research, artistic research and development or other development work at the higher education institution shall investigate the suspicions.

During its investigation the higher education institution may request an opinion from the expert panel on research misconduct at Centrala etikprövningsnämnden (the Central Ethical Review Board).

If requested by the individual submitting a complaint about suspicion of misconduct or the subject of the complaint, the higher education institution shall request an opinion of this kind. No opinion need be requested, however, if the higher education institution considers it manifestly unnecessary. Ordinance (2009:1068).

Chapter 2 Boards of governors, vice-chancellors and other organisational provisions

Constitution of the board of governors

Section 1

The board of governors of a higher education institution shall consist of the chair and no more than 14 other members. Section 4 of Chapter 2 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) stipulates that the vice-chancellor is a member of the board.

The board of governors shall elect one of its members to act as deputy chair. Ordinance (2007:151).

The duties of the board of governors

  

Section 2

The responsibilities and duties of the board of governors of a higher education institution are those laid down in Section 3 of the Government Agencies and Institutes Ordinance (2007:515) and Section 8 of Chapter 2 of the Ordinance concerning the Annual Reports and Budget Documentation (2000:605). In addition the board of governors shall itself decide:
  1. on important issues relating to the overall operational focus and organisation of the higher education institution
  2. on annual reports, interim reports, budgetary records and important reports, and otherwise ensure that the institution has an internal management and auditing system that functions in a satisfactory manner
  3. on measures resulting from audit reports and audit memoranda from the Swedish National Audit Office
  4. on guidelines and audit routines for internal auditing and measures resulting from the observations and recommendations arising from internal audits pursuant to Section 10 of the Internal Audit Ordinance (2006:1228)
  5. on important issues relating to the internal allocation and monitoring of resources
  6. on questions that pursuant to Section 15 are to be determined by a staff disciplinary board if no staff disciplinary board has been established at the higher education institution or if the Government Disciplinary Board for Higher Officials is not required to issue a decision pursuant to Section 16 of Chapter 4
  7. on the admissions procedure laid down in the second paragraph of Section 3 of Chapter 6
  8. on rules of procedure with important regulations on the overall organisation of the higher education institution, delegation of authority to make decisions, the management of issues and operational procedures in other respects, unless otherwise provided by statutes or regulations
  9. on an appointment procedure
  10. other important regulations, and
  11. other issues that are of principle importance.

Sections 8, 10 & 15 of Chapter 2 provide that the board of governors of a higher education institution shall also decide on the proposal of a vice-chancellor, appoint the vice-chancellor´s deputy and decide on the establishment of a staff disciplinary board. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 3

The vice-chancellor shall decide matters other than those referred to in section 2, unless:
  1. otherwise provided by enactment or ordinance, or
  2. the governing body has otherwise decided.
If, however, in this ordinance or elsewhere it is provided that a certain duty is incumbent on the vice-chancellor, the governing body may not assume that duty. Ordinance (1998:1003).

Rules of procedure for the board of governors

Section 4

The board of governors is in quorum when more than half of its members, among them the chair and vice-chancellor, are present. Ordinance (1997:1123).

Section 4a

The board of governors may entrust decisions on interim reports to the chair in consultation with the vice-chancellor. Ordinance (2002:558).

Section 5

If a matter that comes before the board of governors is so urgent that no meeting can be held to discuss it, it may be decided by communication between the chair, the vice-chancellor and at least the number of members required for a quorum. If this procedure is inappropriate, the chair may decide the matter alone after consultation with the vice-chancellor.

Notification shall be provided of decisions made pursuant to the first paragraph at the next meeting of the board of governors. Ordinance (1997:1123).

Section 6

Decisions shall be made after due presentation of the issue. Ordinance (1998:1003).      

Appointment of members of the board of governors

Section 7

Members of the board of governors other than the vice-chancellor shall be appointed for a fixed term of no more than three years. The same applies if the vice-chancellor is elected as chair. Ordinance (2007:151).

Section 7a

The teachers are entitled to be represented by three members of the board of governors. The teachers' representatives shall be elected within the higher education institution. The board of governors shall issue more specific regulations about the election procedure.

The students are entitled to be represented by three members of the board of governors.

The chair and the other members of the board of governors who, pursuant to Section 4 of Chapter 2 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434), shall be appointed by the Government are to be appointed after a proposal has been submitted by the higher education institution. This proposal is to be preceded by consultation within and outside the higher education institution and comprise persons with competence and experience from activities that are significant for the institution's educational, research and third stream mandate.

The staff representatives who, pursuant to the second paragraph of Section 4 of Chapter 2 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434), are entitled to be present and make representations at meetings of the board of governors are to be appointed according to the provisions of the Staff Representatives Ordinance (1987:1101). Ordinance (2007:151).

Vice-chancellor

Section 8

The vice-chancellor shall be appointed by a Government decision for a period of no more than six years on the basis of a proposal from the board of governors of the higher education institution. The appointment may be extended but no more than twice and for no more than three years at a time.

Before the board of governors submits its proposal, consultation shall take place with the teachers, other employees and students in the manner determined by the board of governors.

In the process of proposing a vice-chancellor, the board of governors shall as far as possible consider both female and male candidates. The board of governors shall account to the Government for the way in which the gender equality aspect has been taken into account. Ordinance (2002:558).

Section 9

Repealed by Ordinance (1994:1101).

Section 10

The vice-chancellor is to have a deputy to serve instead of the vice-chancellor when he or she is not on duty. The deputy shall also otherwise substitute for the vice-chancellor to the extent determined by the vice-chancellor.

The vice-chancellor´s deputy is appointed by the board of governors. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 11

A person qualified for appointment as a professor or senior lecturer shall be qualified to be vice-chancellor or a vice-chancellor´s deputy. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 12

Repealed by Ordinance (2004:289).

Section 13

The vice-chancellor may delegate his/her duties, unless otherwise specifically provided.

Student representation

Section 14

Repealed by Ordinance (1997:1123).

Section 14

Section 7 of Chapter 2 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) contains a provision on the entitlement of students to representation when decisions or preparations are made.

If decisions or preparations are to be made by one single individual, information is to be provided and consultation take place with a student representative in ample time before the decision is made or preparations concluded.

If a decision is to be made by a group of individuals pursuant to Section 6 of Chapter 2 of the Higher Education Act, the students are entitled to representation by at least three members. The number of student representatives in such a group may however be fewer if there are special grounds in view of the total number of members in the group.

In other respects the higher education institution itself decides on the entitlement of students to the representation stipulated in the first paragraph above. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Staff disciplinary board

Section 15

A board of governors may establish a staff disciplinary board with the duties laid down in Section 25 of the Government Agencies and Institutes Ordinance (2007:515). The vice-chancellor is to chair this board. The other members of the board are to comprise representatives of the staff and an additional three members to be appointed by the board of governors.

Staff representatives are to be appointed in accordance with the provisions of the Staff Representatives Ordinance (1987:1101). Ordinance (2010:1064)

Higher education library

Section 16

A higher education library shall make works from its own collections available to other higher education libraries without charge. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Chapter 3


This chapter has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Chapter 4 Teachers

Introductory provisions

Section 1

Teachers are employed by the higher education institution. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Combined employment

Section 2

A higher education institution may, with the consent of an accountable authority for health care as laid down in Section 8 of Chapter 3 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434), decide that a post as professor or senior lecturer at the institution shall be combined with employment at a designated health care facility for medical training and research in the disciplinary domain of medicine. Training and research at such a facility includes training and research in dental science. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Qualifications and assessment criteria for appointments

Professors

Section 3

A person who has demonstrated both research and teaching expertise shall be qualified for employment as a professor except in disciplines in the fine, applied or performing arts. A person who has demonstrated both artistic and teaching expertise shall be qualified for employment as a professor in disciplines in the fine, applied or performing arts. 

The assessment criteria for appointment as a professor shall be the degree of the expertise required as a qualification for employment. As much attention shall be given to the assessment of teaching expertise as to the assessment of research or artistic expertise. Ordinance (2010:1064).
 

Senior lecturers

Section 4

Those qualified for appointment as a senior lecturer are
  1. except in disciplines in the fine, applied or performing arts, a person who has demonstrated teaching expertise and been awarded a PhD or has the corresponding research competence or some other professional expertise that is of value in view of the subject matter of the post and the duties that it will involve, or
  2. in disciplines in the fine, applied or performing arts, a person who has demonstrated teaching expertise and been awarded a doctorate in a fine, applied or performing arts, has demonstrated artistic expertise or has some other professional expertice that is of value in view of the subject matter of the post and the duties it will involve.

The assessment criteria for appointment as a senior lecturer shall be the degree of the expertise required as a qualification for employment. As much attention shall be given to the assessment of teaching expertise as to the assessment of other qualifying criteria laid down in the first paragraph above. Each higher education institution determines itself what assessment criteria are otherwise to apply to the appointment of a senior lecturer.   Ordinance (2010:1064).

Appointment procedure

Gender equality among representatives

Section 5

If a group of individuals are to submit a proposal on the applicants to be considered for appointment to a teaching post, women and men shall be equally represented in the group. This does not apply, however, if there are extraordinary reasons to the contrary. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Referees

Section 6

For the appointment of a professor (including an adjunct professor) opinions on the expertise of the applicants shall be obtained, provided that this is not manifestly unnecessary for appraisal of their expertise.

When the opinions of two or more persons are obtained, both men and women should be represented equally. This does not apply, however, if there are extraordinary reasons to the contrary. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Nomination

Section 7

A higher education may nominate an individual for an appointment as a professor if the appointment of the individual is of exceptional importance for a specific activity at the institution. If a higher education institution nominates an individual for a post, the grounds on which the appointment is of exceptional importance for the institution must be placed on record.

Only those qualified for appointment to the post pursuant to Section 3 may be nominated for appointment,

The decision to nominate an individual for a post is made by the vice-chancellor and cannot be delegated.

When an appointment is made by nomination, no information of the kind laid down in the first paragraph of Section 6 of the Employment Ordinance (1994:373) need be submitted. The regulation on referees´ opinions in Section 6 shall apply. Ordinance (2010:1064).

The opinion of an accountable authority for health care

Section 8

Before a teacher is offered combined employment as laid down in Section 2, the faculty board shall offer the accountable authority for health care an opportunity to make representations in the matter. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Fixed-term appointments

Section 9

A teaching post may limited to a fixed term pursuant to the Employment Protection Act (1982:80), if this does not involve appointment as a professor (including adjunct and visiting professor). In addition the provisions of Sections 10-12 shall apply to fixed-term appointments. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Teachers in artistic disciplines

Section 10

A teacher in disciplines in the fine, applied or performing arts may be employed for an indefinite period, however for no longer than five years. Such an appointment may be extended. The total period of employment may not, however, exceed ten years.  In other respects the post is subject to the provisions of the Employment Protection Act (1982:80). Ordinance (2010:1064).

Adjunct professors

Section 11

An adjunct professor shall be employed for an indefinite period but for no longer than until a specified date. Such an appointment may be extended. The total period of employment may not, however, exceed twelve years.  In other respects the post is subject to the provisions of the Employment Protection Act (1982:80). Ordinance (2010:1064).
 

Visiting professors

Section 12

A visiting professor shall be employed for an indefinite period but for no longer than until a specified date. Such an appointment may be extended. The total period of employment may not, however, exceed five years.  In other respects the post is subject to the provisions of the Employment Protection Act (1982:80). Ordinance (2010:1064).

Appointment decisions

Section 13

Teachers are employed by the decision of the vice-chancellor. Decisions concerning the appointment of professors may not be delegated. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Secondary employment  

Section 14

The higher education institutions shall provide appropriate information to their teachers about secondary employment or types of secondary employment that contravene Section 7 of Chapter 3 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434). A higher education institution shall provide its teachers with advice in assessing whether a certain form of secondary employment complies with the provision. If a teacher so requires, the higher education institution shall issue a written response on an issue of this nature.

Section 7 of the Public Employment Act (1994:260) lays down that a higher education institution shall provide its employees with appropriate information on the types of circumstances that could lead to secondary employment being incompatible with Section 7 of the Public Employment Act.  Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 15

A teacher is obliged to keep the higher education institution informed of any secondary employment that he or she undertakes and that pertains to the subject area of his/her post. The higher education institution shall keep records of this information. These records shall be arranged to enable continuous monitoring of the secondary employment undertaken by each teacher. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Termination of employment

Section 16

In the case of professors issues pursuant to Section 34 of the Public Employment Act (1994:260) and Section 15 of the Letters of Appointment Employment Act (1994:261) shall be assessed by the Government Disciplinary Board for Higher Officials. Ordinance (1998:1003).

Section 17

In cases other than those referred to in Section 16 and the first paragraph of Section 6 and Section 15 of Chapter 2, the vice-chancellor shall make decisions on termination of employment. Decisions terminating the employment of a professor may not be delegated. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Chapter 5 Employment of doctoral students etc.

Employment of doctoral students

General provisions

Section 1

Higher education institutions may establish specific posts for third-cycle students to enable them to complete their third-cycle studies. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Duties

Section 2

Those appointed to doctoral studentships shall primarily devote themselves to their studies.

Those appointed to doctoral studentships may, however, work to a limited extent with educational tasks, research, artistic development and administration. Before a PhD or a doctorate in the fine, applied and performing arts has been awarded, however, duties of this kind may not comprise more than 20 per cent of a full time post. Ordinance (2009:933).

Appointment

Section 3

Only those who are or have been admitted to third-cycle courses and study programmes at a higher education may be appointed to doctoral studentships. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 3a

A doctoral studentship shall be a full-time post. If a third-cycle student so requests, the appointment may be a part-time post but for no less than 50 per cent of a full-time post. Ordinance (2002:139).

Section 4

A student in receipt of a doctoral grant shall on application be appointed to a doctoral studentship no later than the date on which according to the individual study plan there remains a period of study corresponding to two years of full-time study before the award of a PhD or a doctorate in the fine, applied and performing arts. This does not apply, however, if the vice-chancellor has decided on the withdrawal of the student´s resources pursuant to Section 30 of Chapter 6 of this Ordinance or of the doctoral grant pursuant to Section 14 of the Ordinance on Doctoral Grants for Doctoral Students (1995:938). Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 5

When an appointment to a doctoral studentship is to be made in cases other than those referred to in Section 4, the ability of the student to benefit from third-cycle courses and study programmes shall be taken into account. In addition, the second and third paragraphs shall apply.

If an appointment to a doctoral studentship is to be made in connection with admission to a study programme, the provisions of the second and third paragraphs of Section 41 of Chapter 7 on determination of the assessment criteria and the prohibition of preferential treatment shall apply.

The higher education institution shall provide information about vacant positions in the form of advertising or some equivalent procedure so that those who are interested in appointment to a doctoral studentship may notify the higher education institution of their interest within a stipulated period. Information need only be provided, however, if appointment to a doctoral studentship is to be made in connection with admission to a study programme and pursuant to Section 37 of Chapter 7 information shall be provided in connection with admission. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 6

Appointment to a doctoral studentship shall be decided by the vice-chancellor. Ordinance (1998:80).

Terms of employment

Section 7

Appointment to a doctoral studentship shall apply for an indefinite period, however for no longer than until a specified date and never for a period extending more than one year after the award of a PhD of a doctorate in the fine, applied and performing art.

The initial appointment may apply for no longer than one year. An appointment may be renewed for no more than two years at a time.

A person may be appointed to a doctoral studentship for a total of eight years. The total employment period may, however, not exceed the time corresponding to full-time third-cycle study for four years. For courses or study programmes to be concluded with the award of a licentiate degree or a licentiate degree in the fine, applied and performing art the total employment period may not exceed the time corresponding to full-time third-cycle study for two years. The time spent studying by the third-cycle student while not appointed to a doctoral studentship shall be deducted from these periods.

The total period of employment may, however, exceed that stated in the third paragraph if special grounds exist. Such grounds may comprise leave of absence because of illness, leave of absence for service in the defence forces or an elected position in a trade union or student organisation, or parental leave. Ordinance (2009:933).

Assistants, teaching assistants and clinical assistants

General provisions

Section 8

Higher education institutions may employ assistants, teaching assistants and clinical assistants. Ordinance (1998:80).

Duties

Section 9

Employment as an assistant may not correspond to more than 40 per cent and employment as a teaching assistant to more than 50 per cent of a full-time post. Their duties shall comprise educational tasks, administration or participation in research or artistic development work.

A clinical assistant shall work with clinical training and research. Ordinance (2009:933).

Appointment

Section 10

Only those in receipt of doctoral grants may be employed as assistants.

Only those admitted to first or second-cycle courses and study programmes may be employed as teaching assistants.

Only those who have been awarded the degree of Master of Science in Medicine or Master of Science in Dental Surgery or are admitted or have been admitted to third-cycle studies in medicine or odontology may be employed as clinical assistants. Ordinance (2009:933).

Section 11

Employment as an assistant, teaching assistant or clinical assistant shall be decided by the vice-chancellor. Ordinance (1998:80).

Terms of employment

Section 12

Assistants, teaching assistants and clinical assistants shall be employed for an indefinite period, however, for no longer than one year. These appointments may be extended. The total employment period as a teaching assistant or a clinical assistant may not, however, exceed three years. Ordinance (1998:80).

Chapter 6 Courses and study programmes

Regulations for all courses and study programmes

Introductory provision

Section 1

This chapter contains regulations concerning first, second and third-cycle courses and study programmes. Ordinance (2006:1053).

The extent of courses and study programmes

Section 2

The extent of a course or study programme shall be denoted by credits, with full-time study during a normal academic year of 40 weeks corresponding to 60 credits. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Study guidance and information

Section 3

Students shall be provided with study and career guidance. Higher education institutions shall ensure that those intending to begin a course or study programme have access to the information about it that is required.

Higher education institutions shall also ensure that the admission regulations are available. The admission regulations comprise the regulations that apply at the higher education institution to applications, entry requirements, selection, and admission, as well as how decisions are made and how appeal can be made against them. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Qualifications

Section 4

The only qualifications that may be awarded for courses and study programmes are those listed in Annex 2 to this ordinance (Qualifications Ordinance). Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 5

The Qualifications Ordinance lays down in which cycle a specific qualification shall be awarded and the requirements to be fulfilled for a specific qualification (qualification descriptor).

In addition to the stipulations of the qualification descriptor for the Degree of Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education/Upper Secondary Education, Annex 4 lays down which subjects may be combined for the award of such a qualification. Ordinance (2010:544).

Entitlement to award qualifications

Section 5a

Sections 11—13 of Chapter 1 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) contain provisions on entitlement to award qualifications. Ordinance (2009:933).

Section 5b

Entitlement to award masters´ degrees may be granted to universities and to higher education institutions within a field in which they are empowered to award general third-cycle qualifications. This entitlement may also be granted to a higher education institution in a field in which it is not empowered to award third-cycle qualifications, if the academic environment in the field is of such a standard and extent that the higher education institution can offer courses and programmes with close links to third-cycle courses and programmes. Ordinance (2009:933).

Section 5c

Entitlement to award general third-cycle qualifications may be granted to higher education institutions other than universities if the courses and programmes and research at the institution is of such a standard and extent that third-cycle courses and programmes can be offered at an advanced academic level and in otherwise sound educational circumstances. The same requirements apply for decisions pursuant to Section 15 of Chapter 1 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434). Ordinance (2009:933).

Section 5d

Entitlement to award third-cycle qualifications in the fine, applied and performing arts may be granted to universities and higher education institutions if the courses and programmes and research in the fine, applied and performing arts at the university or higher education institution are of such a standard and extent that third-cycle courses and programmes can be offered at an advanced artistic level and in otherwise sound educational circumstances. Ordinance (2009:933).

Section 5e

Entitlement to award the qualification of Degree of Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education/Upper Secondary Education may be granted to a higher education institution if
1. courses and study programmes at the higher education institution alone or together with courses and study programmes as laid down in 3 fulfil the requirements made of courses and study programmes that lead to the award of a a Bachelor/Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education
2. courses and study programmes at the higher education institution include subject studies in at least one teaching subject, and
3. courses and study programmes in the teaching subject or other teaching subjects that can be required for the award of a Bachelor/Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education are arranged at another higher education institution that has been permitted to award the qualification of Bachelor/Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education in this subject or these subjects or by a foreign higher education institution that offers corresponding courses and study programmes.(Ordinance 2011:687)

Section 5f

Entitlement to award the qualification of Degree of Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education/Upper Secondary Education with a specific specialisation that may be awarded on completion by the student of courses and study programmes pursuant to Ordinance on supplementary educational programmes leading to the award of a Bachelor/Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education (2011:866) may be granted to a higher education institution if the institution
1. is to award a qualification of this kind to students who meet the requirements for the award of a Degree of Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education/Upper Secondary Education laid down in the ordinance referred to, and
2. is entitled to award a Degree of Master of Arts/Science in Secondary Education/Upper Secondary Education with the same specialisation pursuant to 5e. (Ordinance 2011:687)

Credit transfer

Section 6

If a student at a higher education institution in Sweden has successfully completed a higher education course or study programme, she or he is entitled to transfer the credits awarded for a course or study programme at another higher education institution. This does not apply, however, if there is a substantial difference between these courses or study programmes.

The same applies for students who have successfully completed a course or study programme:

  1. at a university or higher education institution in Denmark, Finland, Iceland or Norway or a signatory to the Council of Europe's Convention of 11 April 1997 on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region (Swedish Treaty Series 2001:46), or
  2. at Nordiska högskolan för folkhälsovetenskap (NHV — The Nordic School of Public Health). Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 7

A student is entitled to transfer credits from a course or study programme other than that laid down in Section 6 if the nature and extent of the knowledge and skills cited by the student are such that they correspond on the whole to the course or study programme for which the credits are to be recognised. A student may also be given credit for corresponding knowledge and skills acquired in a vocational or professional capacity. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 8

The higher education institution shall assess whether credits can be awarded for the prior course or study programme or professional or vocational experience.

Credits may only be awarded to those who are students unless otherwise provided by statute or ordinance. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Certificates

Section 9

A student who fulfils the requirements for the award of a qualification shall, upon request, be provided with a certificate. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 10

In the certificate the higher education institution shall indicate
  1. the title of the qualification
  2. the cycle in which it was awarded
  3. if the qualification forms part of a joint degree as laid down in Section 17 of Chapter 1 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434)
  4. the first and second-cycle courses taken for award of the qualification, and
  5. at which higher education institution the courses laid down in item 4 or corresponding third-cycle courses and programmes have been completed.

A translation of the title of the qualification to one or several languages may be included in the certificate.

Section 10a

A certificate shall be accompanied by a
1. diploma supplement that describes the study programme and its place in the educational system
2. in the case of a Higher Education Diploma in Vocational Education a diploma supplement that lists the qualified and relevant vocational expertise that formed the special entry requirements pursuant to Section 4 of the Ordinance on admission to programmes leading to the award of a Higher Education Diploma in Vocational Education (2010:2021) and the regulations issued in conjunction with that provision.

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue more detailed specifications of the contents of a diploma supplement as laid down in 1 above. Ordinance (Ordinance 2011:687)

Section 11

If a certificate is awarded for a study programme undertaken at more than one higher education institution, it shall be awarded by the institution at which it was completed by the student. This does not apply, however, if the higher education institutions involved have reached some other agreement or the higher education institutions shall jointly issue a joint degree pursuant to Section 17 of Chapter 1 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) . Ordinance (2009:1068).

Joint degrees

Section 11a

A higher education institution may take part in educational cooperation pursuant to the second paragraph of Section 17 of Chapter 1 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) only if this cooperation is based on a written agreement. An agreement of this kind may only be entered into by a higher education institution listed in the annex to the Higher Education Act with
  1. another higher education institution subject to the Higher Education Act,
  2. an independent course provider entitled to award a qualification pursuant to the Act Concerning Authority to Award Certain Qualifications (1993:792), or
  3. a higher education institution outside Sweden that is not a physical individual. Ordinance (2009:1068)

Section 11b

A higher education institution referred to in Section 11a may enter into an agreement as provided in the same paragraph only if the conditions stipulated in the second and third paragraph below are fulfilled.

In the agreement the higher education institution shall ensure that

  1. every component of the programme is arranged by one of the higher education institutions party to the educational cooperation, and
  2. the components of the programme arranged by an institution other than the higher education institution itself shall also be based on an academic or artistic footing and on proven experience and shall be organised so that the programme maintains a high standard.

The agreement shall indicate clearly

  1. which component of the programme the higher education institution shall organise
  2. which component of the programme another higher education institution shall organise
  3. to which higher education institution or institutions organising components of the programme an applicant to the programme is to be admitted
  4. that the higher education institution may admit applicants to the component of the programme arranged by the higher education institution
  5. when a student who has been admitted to a component of the programme by another higher education institution shall be considered to be a student pursuant to Section 11c
  6. that students shall be able to transfer credits for a successfully completed component of a programme at another higher education institution to the programme at the higher education institution without special review
  7. what qualification the programme can lead to at each of the higher education institutions, and
  8. other conditions required for the organisation of the programme. Ordinance (2009:1068).

Section 11c

A student who has been admitted at another higher education institution to a component of the programme subject to an agreement of the kind stipulated in Section 11a shall be considered to be a student admitted to a higher education institution party to such an agreement when he or she is pursuing studies within the framework of the programme at that higher education institution. This applies only if
  1. the other higher education institution organises the component of the programme to which it has admitted the student, and
  2. the agreement does not stipulate that the student shall also be admitted by the higher education institution. Ordinance (2009:1068).

Section 11d

Credits for a component of a programme subject to an agreement of the kind laid down in Section 11a successfully completed by a student at another higher education institution shall be transferred to a programme at a higher education institution party to the agreement without special review. Ordinance (2009:1068).

Section 11e

A higher education institution referred to in Section 11a may award a joint degree only if
  1. the student has completed a programme subject to an agreement pursuant to the same paragraph and also fulfilled the requirements for the award of a qualification at the higher education institution and at least one other higher education institution that has organised a component of the programme
  2. each higher education institution awarding a qualification included in the joint degree may confer the degree awarded by the higher education institution
  3. each qualification included in the joint degree and which is awarded by a higher education institution subject to the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) or by an independent course provider is a designated component for the same qualification as the higher education institution's, and
  4. every qualification included in the joint degree awarded by a foreign higher education institution belongs to the same cycle as at the higher education institution. Ordinance (2009:1068).

Section 11f

When a higher education institution as laid down in Section 11a awards a joint degree together with another higher education institution, it may use the same document for its award as the other higher education institution. Ordinance (2009:1068).

Section 12

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

First and second-cycle courses and study programmes

Courses and study programmes

Section 13

All first and second-cycle study programmes shall be offered in the form of courses. Courses may be combined to create study programmes. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Course syllabuses

Section 14

A course shall have a course syllabus. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 15

The course syllabus shall indicate the following: the cycle in which the course is given, the number of credits, objectives, specific entry requirements, how student performance is assessed and any other regulations required. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Programme syllabuses

Section 16

A study programme shall have a programme syllabus. Section 14 lays down that the course syllabuses are required for the courses included in the programme. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 17

The programme syllabus shall indicate the following: the courses that the study programme comprises, specific entry requirements and other regulations required. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Grades

Section 18

Unless otherwise provided by the higher education institution, a grade shall be awarded on completion of a course. The higher education institution may determine which grading system is to be used.

The grade shall be determined by a teacher specifically nominated by the higher education institution (the examiner). Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 19

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Course certificates

Section 20

Upon request, a student who has successfully completed a course shall receive a course certificate from the higher education institution.

If the course certificate is awarded for studies at more than one higher education institution, the certificate shall be issued by the institution at which the student completed the course. This does not apply, however, if the higher education institutions concerned have specifically agreed otherwise.

Number of examinations etc.

Section 21

If a higher education institution limits the number of sessions in which a student may take an examination in order to complete a course or part of a course, the number of sessions laid down shall be at least five. If satisfactory completion of a course or part of a course requires successful completion by the student of a placement or corresponding training, the number of prescribed periods of placement or corresponding training shall be at least two. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 22

A student who has taken two examinations in a course or a part of a course without obtaining a pass grade is entitled to the nomination of another examiner, unless there are special reasons to the contrary. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Amending grades

Section 23

Decisions pursuant to Section 26 of the Administrative Procedure Act (1986:223) on rectification of a typographical error, miscalculation or similar oversight shall be made by an examiner. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Reviewing grades

Section 24

If an examiner finds that a decision on a grade is obviously incorrect owing to new circumstances or for some other reason, he or she shall change the decision if this can be done quickly and easily and if it does not mean lowering the grade. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Subjects

Section 25

A university or higher education institution entitled to award third-cycle qualifications shall determine the subjects in which third-cycle courses and programmes may be offered. Ordinance (2010:1064).

General study syllabuses

Section 26

For each subject in which third-cycle courses or study programmes are offered a general study syllabus is required. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 27

A general study syllabus shall indicate the following: the main content of the study programme, specific entry requirements and any other regulations required. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Third-cycle courses and study programmes  

Supervision

Section 28

At least two supervisors shall be appointed for each doctoral student. One of them shall be nominated as the principal supervisor. Doctoral students are entitled to supervision during their studies unless the vice-chancellor has decided otherwise by virtue of Section 30.

A doctoral student who so requests shall be allowed to change supervisor. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Individual study plans

Section 29

An individual study plan shall be drawn up for each doctoral student. This plan shall contain the undertakings made by the doctoral student and the higher education institution and a timetable for the doctoral student's study programme. The plan shall be adopted after consultation with the doctoral student and his or her supervisors.

The individual study plan shall be reviewed regularly and amended by the higher education institution to the extent required after consultation with the doctoral student and his or her supervisors.  The period of study may only be extended if there are special grounds for doing so. Such grounds may comprise leave of absence because of illness, leave of absence for service in the defence forces or an elected position in a trade union or student organisation, or parental leave. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Entitlement to supervision and other resources

Section 30

If a doctoral student substantially neglects his or her undertakings in the individual study plan, the vice-chancellor shall decide that the doctoral student is no longer entitled to supervision and other study resources. Before such a decision is made, the doctoral student and the supervisors shall be given an opportunity to make representations. The case shall be considered on the basis of their reports and any other records available. The assessment shall take into account whether the higher education institution has fulfilled its own undertakings in the individual study plan. A written record of the decision shall be made, which is to include reasons for the decision.

Resources may not be withdrawn for any period in which the third-cycle student has been appointed to a doctoral studentship or is receiving a doctoral grant. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 31

If study resources have been withdrawn pursuant to Section 30, the doctoral student may, on application to the vice-chancellor, recover his or her entitlement to supervision and other resources. The doctoral student must then demonstrate convincingly, by presenting prospective study results of considerable quality and scope or in some other way, that he or she can fulfil his or her remaining undertakings in the individual study plan. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Examination grades

Section 32

Examinations that form part of third-cycle courses and study programmes shall be assessed in accordance with the grading system prescribed by the higher education institution.
The grade shall be determined by a teacher specially nominated by the higher education institution (the examiner). Ordinance (2010:1064).

Public defences and grading doctoral theses

Section 33

The qualification descriptors for PhD´s and doctorates in the fine, applied and performing arts lay down that an approved doctoral thesis is required for the award of these degrees.
The doctoral thesis shall be presented and defended orally in public. A faculty examiner (opponent) shall be appointed for this presentation. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 34

At least one of those participating in the grading of a doctoral thesis shall be someone who does not have a post at the higher education institution awarding the degree. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 35

A higher education institution may issue regulations on the grading system to be used and on public defences and grading in other respects. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Delegation

Section 36

The vice-chancellor may not delegate decisions pursuant to Sections 30 & 31. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 37

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 38

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 39

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 40

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 41

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 42

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 43

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 44

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 45

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 46

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 47

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 48

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 49

Has been repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Chapter 7 Admission to courses and study programmes

General provisions on admission to first or second-cycle courses and study programmes

Section 1

Admission to first or second-cycle higher education studies refers to a course or a study programme. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 2

To be admitted applicants must meet the general entry requirements as well as any specific entry requirements that may be prescribed.

Sections 5-8 of the Ordinance on Application Fees and Tuition Fees at Higher Education Institutions (2010:543) lays down that in certain cases payment of a tuition fee is a requirement for admission. Ordinance (2010:544).

Section 3

If special grounds exist, a higher education institution may decide to waive one or more entry requirements. A higher education institution shall waive one or more entry requirements if the applicant has the capacity to benefit from the course or study programme without meeting the entry requirements. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 4

A person seeking admission to first or second-cycle higher education shall apply within the time prescribed and in compliance with the procedures laid down by the higher education institution.
Sections 2 & 3 of the Ordinance on Application Fees and Tuition Fees at Higher Education Institutions (2010:543) lay down that in certain cases payment of an application fee is required before an application can be considered.

Issues relating to admission are determined by the higher education institution. In this respect a mechanically produced notification of an admission decision has the effect of a decision of the higher education institution. Ordinance (2010:544).

Admission to first-cycle courses and study programmes intended for new entrants to higher education

General entry requirements

Section 5 / Ceases to apply 1 January 2013/

A person meets the general entry requirements for courses or study programmes that begin in the first cycle and that are intended for new entrants to higher education if he or she:
  1. has been awarded final school grades from a national or specially designed upper-secondary school programme and attained at least the grade of 'Pass' in at least 2,250 upper-secondary credits including at least the grade of 'Pass' in core subject courses [kärnämneskurser] in Swedish, Swedish as a Second Language, English and Mathematics
  2. has been awarded final school grades from an upper-secondary school programme in adult education or has attained at least the grade of 'Pass' in at least 2,250 upper-secondary credits including at least the grade of ‘Pass´ in core subject courses [kärnämneskurser] in Swedish, Swedish as a Second Language, English and Mathematics
  3. has received a Swedish education or education abroad corresponding to the requirements in items 1 or 2
  4. is a resident of Denmark, Finland, Iceland or Norway and is qualified for higher education there, or
  5. has the potential to benefit from the course or study programme by virtue of a Swedish education or education abroad, practical experience or some other circumstance.

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue more detailed regulations concerning the requirements laid down in item 3 of the first paragraph. Ordinance (2007:666).

Section 5 /Comes into effect 1 January 2013/

A person meets the general entry requirements for courses or study programmes that begin in the first cycle and that are intended for new entrants to higher education if he or she:
  1. has been awarded a preparatory qualification for higher education from an upper-secondary school programme or an upper-secondary school programme in adult education
  2. has been awarded a vocational qualification from an upper-secondary school programme or an upper-secondary school programme in adult education and also has the grade E or higher in the courses in Swedish, Swedish as a Second Language, English and Mathematics required for the award of a preparatory qualification for higher education in an upper-secondary programme.
  3. has received a Swedish education or education abroad corresponding to the requirements in items 1 or 2
  4. is a resident of Denmark, Finland, Iceland or Norway and is qualified for higher education there, or
  5. has the potential to benefit from the course or study programme by virtue of a Swedish education or education abroad, practical experience or some other circumstance.

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue more detailed regulations concerning the requirements laid down in item 3 of the first paragraph. Ordinance (2010:2020).

Section 6

A person who has a mother tongue other than Swedish, Danish, Faroese, Icelandic or Norwegian must have the requisite knowledge of Swedish.

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue more detailed regulations concerning the requirement laid down in the first paragraph. However, a person whose mother tongue is Finnish and who has studied Swedish as a subject at a Finnish upper-secondary school or at a corresponding type of Finnish school for three or more years shall be considered to have the requisite knowledge of Swedish. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 7

Repealed by ordinance (2007:644)

Specific entry requirements

Section 8

Any specific entry requirements imposed shall be totally essential for a student to be able to benefit from the course or study programme. These requirements may comprise:
  1. knowledge from one or more courses in a national or specially designed upper-secondary school programme or corresponding knowledge, and
  2. other conditions determined by the course or study programme or of significance for the professional or vocational area for which students are to be prepared.

A person who by virtue of education in Sweden or abroad, practical experience or some other circumstance has the potential to benefit from the course or study programme also meets the specific entry requirements. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 9

The specific entry requirements imposed shall be expressed as field-specific entry requirements [områdesbehörigheter]. Each of these field-specific entry requirements comprises qualifying courses and weighted courses as laid down in Section 18. Qualifying courses are those courses in a specific subject that are laid down as requirements pursuant to item 1 in the first paragraph of Section 8.

Field-specific entry requirements may also comprise requirements of the kind laid down in item 2 of the first paragraph of Section 18. Ordinance (2007:666).

Section 9a

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue regulations concerning what field-specific entry requirements shall apply. Ordinance (2007:666).

Section 10

The higher education institutions may, insofar as specific entry requirements are imposed, determine which field-specific entry requirements shall apply for other courses and study programmes than those indicated in Section 10a. Ordinance (2007:666).

Section 10a

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue regulations concerning what field-specific entry requirements shall apply for courses and study programmes intended for new entrants to higher education that lead to the award of a professional qualification as laid down in Annex 2 to this ordinance (Qualifications Ordinance). Ordinance (2007:666).

Section 11

If special grounds exist, the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may permit a higher education institution to lay down requirements pursuant to the first paragraph of Section 8 other than those consequent on the field-specific entry requirements for the course or study programme. Ordinance (2006:1054).

Selection — selection criteria

Section 12

During selection the merits of the applicants shall be taken into account.

The selection criteria are:

  1. grades
  2. results from the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test referred to in Section 20, and
  3. selection criteria as laid down in Section 23.

If merits are otherwise equivalent, selection may also be undertaken either through tests or interviews or by lot. However, selection may not be undertaken by means of tests or interviews once selection has been made by lot. Ordinance (2010:700).

Selection — allocation of places

Section 13

When applicants are selected for a course or study programme, the places shall be allocated as follows:
  1. at least one-third on the basis of grades
  2. at least one-third on the basis of results from the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test, and
  3. no more than one-third on the basis of selection criteria determined by the higher education institution pursuant to Section 23.

Certain more detailed regulations about the allocation of places on the basis of grades are laid down in annex 3 to this ordinance. In the case of other applicants with grades not listed in the annex, the National Agency for Higher Education may issue regulations about in which of the groups laid down under item 1 of annex 3 they are to be included for the allocation or places. Ordinance (2007:666).

Section 14

In selecting applicants for a course or study programme leading to the award of a qualification in the fine, applied or performing arts a higher education institution may, despite the provisions of Section 13, allocate all the places on the basis of other specific tests as laid down in Section 23.1, possibly in combination with other selection criteria pursuant to Section 12. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 15

If special grounds exist, the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may permit a higher education institution in its selection of applicants for a certain course or study programme to allocate places in some way other that that laid down in Section 13 and to allocate places on the basis of one or more of the selection criteria specified in Section 12. Such permission shall comprise one or more specific admission periods.

Section 16

In isolated cases, a higher education institution may deviate from Sections 12 and 13. However, this may only occur if it is impossible to assess an applicant's qualifications appropriately using the selection criteria laid down in Section 12 and if the applicant, by virtue of prior education, professional or vocational experience or some other circumstance, has specific knowledge or some other specific aptitude for the course or study programme.

Selection — priority

Section 17

Notwithstanding Sections 12 and 13, when applicants are admitted to a course intended for new entrants to higher education, a higher education institution may give priority to those who are already students at the higher education institution. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Selection — grades  

Section 18

Annex 3 contains certain provisions on how grades are to be evaluated.
Specific entry requirements shall in every case include weighted courses in addition to the qualifying courses laid down in Section 9. Weighted courses are nationally determined courses in a subject in an upper-secondary school programme that are of particular merit for selection and that are not core subject courses in Swedish, Swedish as a Second Language, English or Mathematics nor included in the specific entry requirements.

Weighted courses are:

  1. advanced level courses in a modern language subject
  2. advanced level courses in the subject of English
  3. advanced level courses in the subject of mathematics, and
  4. courses in subjects other than items 1-3 that are of particular merit for the course or study programme applied for and involve advanced or specialised study (field-specific courses) [områdeskurser].

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue further regulations on the evaluation of grades. Ordinance (2007:666).

Section 18a

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue regulations on which field-specific courses pursuant to item 4 of paragraph 3 of Section 18 shall be weighted courses for separate field-specific entry requirements. Ordinance (2007:666).

Section 19

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue regulations on what grades awarded pursuant to earlier regulations and grades from education abroad shall be considered to correspond to in relation to the requirements laid down in items 1 and 2 of the first paragraph of Section 5. Ordinance (2007:666).

Selection — Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test

Section 20

There shall be a common Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test for all higher education institutions in Sweden. The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education is responsible for the production of the test.

The higher education institutions intending to use the test as a basis for selection shall offer the test. This may be arranged in cooperation between the higher education institutions.

The results of the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test are valid until the end of the calendar half-year five years after the date of the test. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 21

A person wishing to sit the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test is to pay a fee of SEK 350 when applying to take the test. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 22

Repealed by ordinance (2007:644) Selection — selection criteria determined by the higher education institution

Selection — selection criteria determined by the higher education institution

Section 23

To the extent laid down in Section 13, a higher education institution may determine selection criteria comprising:
  1. special tests other than the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test
  2. knowledge, professional or vocational experience or other experience that is of particular merit for the course or study programme applied for, and
  3. other objective circumstances that are relevant for the programme.

Admission to courses and study programmes that begin in the first cycle and are intended for students who are not new entrants to higher education

General entry requirements  

Section 24

A person who meets the general entry requirements pursuant to Sections 5 & 6 meets the general entry requirements for courses and study programmes that begin in the first cycle and are intended for students who are not new entrants to higher education. Ordinance (2007:644).

Specific entry requirements  

Section 25

The specific entry requirements laid down shall be essential for students to be able to benefit from the course or study programme. These requirements may comprise:
  1.  knowledge from one or more courses in a national or specially designed upper-secondary school programme or corresponding knowledge
  2. knowledge from one or more courses in higher education, and
  3. other conditions determined by the course or study programme or of significance for the professional or vocational area for which students are to be prepared.

The higher education institution may determine what requirements shall be laid down pursuant to the first paragraph.

A person who by virtue of education in Sweden or abroad, practical experience or any other circumstance has the potential to benefit from the course or study programme also meets the specific entry requirements. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Selection

Section 26

During selection the merits of the applicants shall be taken into account.
The selection criteria are:
  1. grades
  2. results from the national university aptitude test referred to in Section 20,
  3. prior courses and study programmes, and
  4. selection criteria as laid down in Section 23.
The higher education institution may decide which of the selection criteria laid down in the second paragraph are to be applied and how places are to be allocated.

If merits are otherwise equivalent, selection may also be undertaken pursuant to the provisions of the third paragraph of Section 12. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 27

In isolated cases, a higher education institution may deviate from Section 26. However, this may only occur if it is impossible to assess an applicant's qualifications appropriately using the selection criteria laid down in Section 26 and if the applicant, by virtue of prior education, professional or vocational experience or some other circumstance, has specific knowledge or some other specific aptitude for the course or study programme. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Admission to second-cycle courses and study programmes

General entry requirements

Section 28

A person meets the general entry requirements for courses or study programmes that lead to the award of a second-cycle qualification if he or she:
  1. possesses a first-cycle qualification comprising at least 180 credits or a corresponding qualification from abroad, or
  2. by virtue of courses and study programmes in Sweden or abroad, practical experience or some other circumstance has the aptitude to benefit from the course or study programme.

An exemption may be made to the requirement of a qualification pursuant to item 1 in the first paragraph if an applicant is considered to meet the requirements for the award of such a qualification but no certificate has been issued due to special circumstances. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 29

A person meets the general entry requirements for a course of study programme leading to the award of a second-cycle professional qualification that requires specific professional registration or the prior award of a specific qualification if he or she has acquired the specified professional registration or possesses the specified qualification. A person who fulfils the conditions laid down in item 2 of the first paragraph of Section 28 also meets the general entry requirements. This does not apply however if the study programme leads to the award of a professional qualification that requires professional registration. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 30

A person meets the general entry requirements for second-cycle courses and study programmes other than those laid down in Sections 28 & 29 if he or she has completed first-cycle courses and study programmes or fulfils the conditions laid down in item 2 of the first paragraph of Section 28. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Specific entry requirements  

Section 31

The specific entry requirements laid down shall be essential for students to be able to benefit from the course or study programme. These requirements may comprise:
  1. knowledge from one or more higher education courses, and
  2. other conditions determined by the course or study programme or of significance for the professional or vocational area for which students are to be prepared.

The higher education institution may decide which of the selection criteria laid down in the first paragraph are to be applied and how places are to be allocated.

If merits are otherwise equivalent, selection may also be undertaken pursuant to the provisions of the third paragraph of Section 12. Ordinance (2006:1053).

A person who by virtue of courses and study programmes in Sweden or abroad, practical experience or some other circumstance has the aptitude to benefit from the course or study programme also meets the specific entry requirements. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Selection

Section 32

Selection is to be made pursuant to the provisions of Section 26 & 27. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Deferment of studies and approved leave from first or second-cycle studies

Section 33

If special grounds exist, a higher education institution may decide that students admitted to first or second-cycle studies at the institution:
  1. may defer commencement of their studies, or
  2. may continue their studies after an approved leave of absence.
The provisions of the first paragraph also apply to students pursuant to Section 11c of Chapter 6 if the component of the programme organised at the higher education institution is within the first or second cycle.

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue regulations concerning deferment of studies and approved leave of absence from studies. Ordinance (2009:1068).

Admission to third-cycle courses and study programmes

General provisions

Section 34

The number of doctoral students admitted to third-cycle courses and study programmes may not exceed the number that can be offered supervision and otherwise acceptable conditions for study and whose studies are funded pursuant to section 36. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 35

The requirements for admission to third-cycle courses and study programmes are that the applicant:
  1. meets the general and specific entry requirements that the higher education institution may have laid down, and
  2. is considered in other respects to have the ability required to benefit from the course or study programme. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 36

A higher education institution may only admit applicants to third-cycle courses and study programmes who have been appointed to doctoral studentships or awarded doctoral grants. The higher education institution may, however, admit applicants who have some other form of funding for their studies if it considers that the funding can be guaranteed during the entire period of study and that the applicants can devote enough time to their studies to enable their completion within four years in the case of a licentiate degree or a licentiate degree in the fine, applied and performing arts or eight years in the case of a PhD or a doctorate in the fine, applied and performing arts. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Admission procedure

Section 37

Decisions relating to admissions are made by the higher education institution. A person who wishes to be admitted to a third-cycle course or study programme shall apply within the time prescribed and in compliance with the procedures laid down by the higher education institution.

When a higher education institution intends to admit one or several third-cycle students, information shall be provided by the higher education institution through advertising or some equivalent method. Information need not, however, be provided:

  1. about the admission of a third-cycle student who is to complete the course or study programme within the framework of employment by an employer other than the higher education institution
  2. about the admission of a third-cycle student who has previously begun third-cycle studies at another higher education institution, or
  3. if there are similar special grounds. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Section 38

A higher education institution that has been entitled to award third-cycle qualifications within a field may permit a third-cycle student who has been admitted to some other university or some other higher education institution to transfer without a new admission process to the higher education institution and to continue his or her courses and study programmes and receive his or her qualification there. This only applies, however, if the third-cycle student has completed the major part of his or her third-cycle studies at the higher education institution in the field in which entitlement to award third-cycle qualifications has been granted.

What is said in the first paragraph is to apply similarly at a higher education institution that in having been granted the title of university is entitled pursuant to Section 11 of Chapter 1 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) to award third-cycle qualifications. Ordinance (2010:1064).

General entry requirements

Section 39

A person meets the general entry requirements for third-cycle courses and study programmes if he or she:
  1. has been awarded a second-cycle qualification
  2. has satisfied the requirements for courses comprising at least 240 credits of which at least 60 credits were awarded in the second-cycle, or
  3. has acquired substantially equivalent knowledge in some other way in Sweden or abroad.
The higher education institution may permit an exemption from the general entry requirements for an individual applicant, if there are special grounds. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Specific entry requirements

Section 40

The specific entry requirements laid down shall be essential for students to be able to benefit from the course or study programme. These requirements may comprise:
  1. knowledge from one or more higher education courses and study programmes or corresponding courses and study programmes
  2. specific professional or vocational experience, and
  3. requisite language skills or other conditions determined by the course or study programme. Ordinance (2006:1053).

Selection

Section 41

In selecting between applicants who meet the requirements laid down in Sections 35 & 36 their ability to benefit from the course of study programmes shall be taken into account.
The higher education institution determines which assessment criteria shall be used in determining the ability to benefit from the courses and study programmes.

However, the fact that an applicant is considered able to transfer credits from prior courses and study programmes or for professional or vocational experience may not alone give the applicant priority over other applicants. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Special bodies

Section 42

Repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Chapter 8


Repealed by ordinance (2006:1053)

Chapter 9


Repealed by ordinance (2006:1053)

Chapter 10 Disciplinary measures

General provisions

Section 1

Disciplinary measures may be invoked against students who:
  1. use prohibited aids or other methods to attempt to deceive during examinations or other forms of assessment of study performance
  2. disrupt or obstruct teaching, tests or other activities within the framework of courses and study programmes at the higher education institution
  3. disrupt activities in the library of the higher education institution or other separate establishments at the institution
  4. subject another student or member of the staff of the higher education institution to harassment or sexual harassment of the kind laid down in Section 4 of Chapter 1 of the Discrimination Act (2008:567).
Disciplinary measures may not be invoked more than two years after the offence has been committed. Ordinance (2008:944).

Disciplinary Measures

Section 2

The disciplinary measures comprise warnings and suspension.

A suspension decision means that the student is prohibited from participating in instruction, tests or other activities within the framework of the courses and study programmes at the higher education institution. The decision shall comprise one or more periods, but shall not exceed six months in total.

A suspension decision may also be limited to apply to access to certain premises at the higher education institution.

Disciplinary boards

Section 3

Cases involving disciplinary measures shall, unless otherwise stipulated in section 9, be dealt with by a disciplinary board. Every higher education institution shall have a board of this kind.

Section 4

The disciplinary board shall consist of the vice-chancellor as chair, a legally qualified member who shall hold or have held tenure as a judge, and a representative of the teaching staff at the higher education institution. The students at the higher education institution shall be entitled to representation on the board by two members. Ordinance (1998:1003).

Section 5

The legally qualified member and the member representing the teaching staff shall be appointed by the higher education institution for a period of three years. Ordinance (1998:1003).

Section 6

The members of the board representing the students shall be appointed for a period of one year.

Section 7

When the chair is prevented from attending, the deputy vice-chancellor or another specially appointed deputy shall act as chair of the disciplinary board. There shall be a deputy for each and every member of the board. The deputy for the legally qualified member shall hold or have held tenure as a judge. The deputies shall be appointed according to the same procedure and for the same period as the members of the board. Ordinance (1998:1003).

Section 8

The disciplinary board is in quorum when at least three of its members are present, among them the chair and the legally qualified member.

If there are differences of opinion when a decision is to be made on any matter, the provisions of chapter 29 of the Code of Judicial Procedure relating to votes in courts of law consisting exclusively of legally qualified judges shall apply. Ordinance (1998:1003).

Rules of procedure

Section 9

If there are grounds for suspecting that an offence of the kind laid down in Section 1 has been committed, the vice-chancellor shall be notified promptly.

The vice-chancellor shall arrange for the matter to be investigated and provide the student with an opportunity to make representations concerning the complaint. The vice-chancellor shall then, after consultation with the legally qualified member when appropriate, decide whether the circumstances are such that the matter shall:

  1. be dismissed without further action
  2. call for a warning from the vice-chancellor, or
  3. be referred for a hearing by the disciplinary board. Ordinance (1998:1003).

Section 10

A decision by the vice-chancellor to issue a warning may be submitted to the disciplinary board by the student for review. The student shall be informed of this right.

Miscellaneous provisions

Section 11

The disciplinary board shall ensure that matters referred to it are investigated thoroughly. The board shall give the student concerned in the case an opportunity to address the board on the issue. The student is also entitled to be present when others address the board, unless there are special grounds to the contrary. Ordinance (2004:289)

Section 12

A decision to suspend shall take immediate effect, unless otherwise stated in the decision.

Section 13

When a decision to suspend has been made, the National Board of Student Aid and the bodies at the higher education institution concerned shall be informed without delay.

Interlocutory suspension

Section 14

If a matter is referred to the disciplinary board, the vice-chancellor may after consultation with the legally qualified member order the interlocutory suspension of the student with immediate effect from activities at the higher education institution.

A decision on interlocutory suspension shall apply until the disciplinary committee has appraised the issue, but for no longer than one month. Ordinance (1998:1003).

Chapter 11


Repealed by ordinance (2010:1064).

Chapter 12 Appeals

Section 1

Repealed by ordinance (1999:1037)

Section 2

Appeals may be made to the Higher Education Appeals Board against the following decisions of a higher education institution:
  1. a decision relating to employment at a higher education institution, with the exception of appointment to a doctoral studentship
  2. a decision that an applicant does not meet the general entry requirements for admission to first or second-cycle higher education courses and study programmes and a decision not to grant an exemption from the general entry requirements for admission in cases laid down in the second sentence of Section 3 or the second paragraph of Section 28 of Chapter 7
  3. a decision on the transfer of credits for courses and study programmes or professional or vocational activities
  4. rejection of a student´s application for exemption from a compulsory element of a course or study programme
  5. a decision to withdraw study resources from a doctoral student pursuant to Section 30 of Chapter 6 and a decision that a student is not to recover these resources pursuant to Section 31 of Chapter 6
  6. rejection of a student´s request to be issued with a degree certificate or a course certificate, and
  7. a decision not to allow those admitted to first or second-cycle courses and study programmes to defer commencement of their studies or to continue their studies after an approved period of leave. Ordinance (2010:1064).

Section 3

Section 22(a) of the Administrative Procedure Act (1986:223), lays down that appeals against a decision by a disciplinary board to suspend or warn a student may be made to a public administrative court.

No appeals are allowed against other decisions by a disciplinary board. Ordinance (2002:81).

Section 4

Appeals against decisions by a higher education institution on matters other than those laid down in this chapter may only be made if permitted by a statute other than the Administrative Procedure Act (1986:223).

Entry into effect and transitional provisions

Ordinance 1993:100


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 July 1993, unless otherwise provided in paragraph two or three.

The following provisions shall enter into effect on 1 March 1993, viz.

(a) provisions relating to admission to courses and study programmes in chapters 8 and 10: in so far as those commenced after 30 June 1993 are concerned
(b) the provisions of Section 10 of Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 6 and Sections 16 and 17 of Chapter 9 relating to the appointment to certain positions and bodies at a higher education institution: in so far as employees and bodies are concerned whose activities commence after 30 June 1993.

If the new provisions relating to admission to courses and study programmes have been applied, the provisions of chapter 13 shall apply as regards the right to appeal against decisions taken in the admission process. Ordinance (1993:159).

3. If an act or statute issued by the Government refers to a provision that has been replaced by a provision in this ordinance, the new provision shall apply instead.

5. A matter at a higher education institution that has not been determined by the end of June 1993 shall be dealt with pursuant to the provisions of this ordinance, unless otherwise specifically provided. The board of governors of a higher education institution shall issue further regulations concerning the management of such matters.

6. Anyone who on 30 June 1993 holds a post as a lecturer or junior lecturer shall be considered to hold a post as a senior lecturer or lecturer.

7. Anyone who on 30 June 1993 holds a post as a teacher of an odontological subject with a clinical connection shall be appointed to a post as a senior lecturer without the notification of the post as vacant.

8. The position of assistant dentist shall be abolished on retirement of current holders. Anybody who on 30 June 1993 is employed for a fixed period on such a post shall be permitted to retain the post until the expiry of the current period.

9. If a position has been declared vacant and applications invited before 1 July 1993, the older provisions concerning appointment to and qualification for the position shall apply to the appointment. The academic appointments board shall not then, however, be required to have the composition laid down in earlier provisions. Ordinance (1993:952).

10. If an appointment procedure has been raised in an academic appointments board before the end of June 1993, but not yet decided, the board may decide the matter with the composition it had at the end of the month of June 1993.

11. Those who have commenced courses in degree programmes before 1 July 1993 shall be given an opportunity to complete them pursuant to the earlier provisions. This opportunity shall, however, continue only until 30 September 2000. Ordinance (1999:1037).

12. Those who have commenced courses and study programmes before 1 July 1993 shall, even when these do not form part of degree programmes, also be entitled to the award of qualifications pursuant to the earlier provisions until 30 September 2000. Ordinance (1999:1037).

13. Those who have been admitted to courses and study programmes before 1 July 1993 and been granted deferment shall be considered to have been admitted to corresponding courses and study programmes pursuant to the new provisions.

14. Applicants who meet the general entry requirements pursuant to the previous wordings of the provisions shall continue to meet general entry requirements until the end of 1999.

15. Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test results that pursuant to earlier provisions remain valid on 1 July 1993 shall have extended validity pursuant to the new provisions in the third paragraph of Section 9 of Chapter 8.

16. Earlier provisions shall continue to apply to appeals against decisions or recommendations issued before this ordinance enters into effect.

Ordinance 1994:1101


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 July 1994.

3. Those who have completed a two-year optician's programme and in the period 1 January 1994-1 July 1995 completed a registration course pursuant to earlier provisions shall acquire the status of qualified opticians. This shall also apply to persons who have completed the above optician's programme pursuant to earlier provisions and who after 1 January 1995 have completed supplementary training at Karolinska Institutet. Ordinance (1995:337).

4. Those who have commenced programmes in dentistry prior to 1 July 1994 shall be entitled to a degree pursuant to earlier provisions until the end of 1998.

Ordinance 1995:253


This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 April 1995. Appeal against decisions issued before its entering into effect shall comply with earlier provisions.

Ordinance 1995:944


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 July 1995.
2. If an appointment has been referred to an academic appointments board before the ordinance entered into effect but has not yet been decided, the board may decide the matter with the composition it had when the ordinance entered into effect.

Ordinance 1996:913


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 November 1996.

3. Those who before 1 November 1996 have commenced a programme to become an upper-secondary school teacher shall be entitled to a qualification pursuant to the earlier provisions until the end of June 2002. Those awarded the qualification after 1 January 1998 must, however, possess the ability to use computers and other information technology aids in their own learning and knowledge about how these aids can be used in teaching children and young people/pupils.

Ordinance 1996:984


1. Section 2 of Chapter 2 and Section 3 of Chapter 7 of this ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 March 1997 and the remainder of the ordinance on 1 December 1996.

3. Applicants meeting general entry requirements pursuant to provisions applying before 1 July 1993 shall be considered to meet general entry requirements until the end of 1999.

4. A person shall be considered to meet general entry requirements:

  • if he or she has completed a national or a specifically designed upper-secondary school programme and has the grades in his/her school-leaving certificate laid down in provisions prior to 1 July 1994 or has completed a corresponding programme and has corresponding grades from adult upper-secondary education
  • fulfils the general entry requirements pursuant to provisions in force before 1 July 1993 and has a school-leaving certificate from a four, three or two-year upper-secondary school programme or a two-year special upper-secondary school course with contents that largely correspond to at least a two-year upper-secondary school programme or has corresponding grades from state or municipal adult education, or
  • has been awarded a certificate before 1 July 1998 by a folk high school testifying to general eligibility for higher education studies. Ordinance (1999:687).

Ordinance 1998:80


1. Section 3 of Chapter 9 of this ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 January 1999, and the remainder of the ordinance on 1 April 1998.
2. The earlier provisions of Sections 2 & 6 of Chapter 5, shall apply to those who have been appointed to doctoral studentships before 1 April 1998. The earlier provisions of Section 6 of Chapter 5 shall also apply to employment as a doctoral student that terminates before the end of 2003 for doctoral students who have been admitted to doctoral studies before 1 April 1998 but had not been appointed to a doctoral studentship before that date. Ordinance (2001:23).
3. The earlier provisions of Section 9 of Chapter 5, shall apply until 30 June 1999 to those employed as assistants before 1 April 1998.
4. The new provision in chapter 5, section 4 shall apply to those awarded doctoral grants for the first time after 31 December 1997. This shall, however, not apply to those admitted to doctoral studies before 1 April 1998 and only subsequently awarded doctoral grants and who on 1 April 1998 had been studying for more than three years, or two years and five months in the case of full-time study. Ordinance (19980:160).
5. The stipulations in Section 10 of Chapter 5 on the disciplinary domain of medicine shall refer until 1 January 1999 to faculties of medicine or odontology.

Ordinance 1998:1003


1. Sections 7(a), 9 & 13 of Chapter 1 and Appendix 1 of this ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 September 1998, and the remainder of this ordinance on 1 January 1999.

2. The earlier provision in Section 3 of Chapter 1 shall apply, if a matter has been raised with the Office of the Chancellor of Justice before 1 January 1999.

3. The new provision in Section 11 of Chapter 4 on promotion to professorships shall also apply to senior lecturers who at the time this ordinance takes effect hold the position of associate professor.

4. Senior lecturers who at the time this ordinance takes effect hold posts as associate professors may continue to hold such posts after the ordinance takes effect for as long as they are employed as senior lecturers.

5. The new provisions of Sections 17 & 18 of Chapter 4 shall apply to appointment procedures that begin on 1 January 1999 or later.

6. If an appointment procedure concerning a professor or a senior lecturer has commenced but not been completed before 1 January 1999, opinions pursuant to the new provision in Section 21 of Chapter 4 shall be submitted to the faculty board or corresponding body, unless they have been submitted to the academic appointments board before 1 January 1999.

If an opinion has been submitted to the academic appointments board before 1 January 1999 but the procedures have not been completed by the board, pursuant to the earlier provisions in Chapter 4 and Chapter 6, the board shall submit a recommendation to the vice-chancellor.

After a recommendation has been submitted to the vice-chancellor as laid down in the second paragraph, the vice-chancellor may decide on the appointment without further consideration as laid down in the new provisions in Section 20 of Chapter 4. This shall also apply when an academic appointments board has submitted a recommendation to the vice-chancellor on an appointment prior to 1 January 1999 and the vice-chancellor has issued no decision on the matter before 1 January 1999.

7. If the process of appointing a visiting professor has commenced but not been completed before 1 January 1999, the earlier provisions in the third sentence of paragraph two of Section 18 of chapter 4 shall apply instead of the new provisions in Sections 26 & 27 of Chapter 4.

8. If the process of appointing a post-doctoral research fellow has commenced but not been completed before 1 January 1999, the earlier provisions in paragraph three of Section 18 of chapter shall apply.

9. The new provisions in Sections 12 & 23 of Chapter 4, shall apply to appointment procedures initiated on 1 January 1999 or later.

10. If a person has been employed in a post pursuant to the earlier provisions in items 1—7, 9 or 10 of Section 21 of chapter 4, the earlier provisions shall also apply to renewal or extension of the employment that takes place on 1 January 1999 or later. Ordinance (2002:761).

11. The earlier provision in the second paragraph of Section 13 of Chapter 4 shall apply to those who held posts as post-doctoral research fellows before 1 January 1999 instead of the new provision in the second paragraph of section 10 of Chapter 4.

12. The new provision in item 4 of the first paragraph of Section 1 of Chapter 10 shall apply to offences committed on 1 January 1999 or later.

13. The new provisions in Sections 4 & 7 of Chapter 10 shall be applied from 1 January 1999 when legally qualified members and their deputies are to be appointed.

14. If a decision referred to in item 4 of the first paragraph of Section 2 of Chapter 12 has been issued prior to 1 November 1998, earlier provisions shall apply to the right of appeal. Ordinance (1998:1272).

Ordinance 1998:1271


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 November 1998.
2. If a decision pursuant to item 2 of the second paragraph of Section 2 of Chapter 13 has been issued before this ordinance takes effect, earlier provisions shall apply to the right of appeal.

Ordinance 1999:30


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 May 1999.

2. Those who have begun training programmes for assistant ship's engineers, chief engineers, masters or mates before 1 August 1998 shall be entitled to a qualification pursuant to earlier provisions until 31 January 2002.

Ordinance 1999:1037


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 January 2000.
2. If the appointment of a postdoctoral research fellow has commenced but not been completed by 1 January 2000, the earlier provisions in the first paragraph of Section 10 of Chapter 4 shall apply.
3. Earlier regulations shall continue to apply to appeals against decisions issued before this ordinance entered into effect.

Ordinance 2000:651


1. Appendix 2 of this ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 August 2000, and the remainder of the ordinance on 1 September 2000.
2. Those who have commenced a programme in dispensing pharmacy at Uppsala University prior to 1 February 2001 shall be entitled to a diploma pursuant to earlier provisions until 1 February 2005.

Ordinance 2001:23


1. 1 Items 6, 30 and 38 in appendix 2 of this ordinance and item 2 in the transitional provisions of the Ordinance concerning Amendment of the Higher Education Ordinance (1998:80) shall enter into effect on 1 March 2001, and the remainder of the ordinance on 1 July 2001.
2. Those who have commenced a programme in teaching children and young people, art teaching, primary and secondary school teaching , home economics teaching, physical education teaching, music teaching or craft teaching before 1 July 2001 shall be entitled to obtain a qualification pursuant to the earlier provisions until the end of June 2008.
3. Those who have commenced a programme in upper-secondary school teaching before 1 July 2001 but after 31 October 1996 shall be entitled to the award of a qualification pursuant to the earlier provisions until the end of June 2008.
4. Those who prior to 1 July 2001 have commenced a programme which mainly complies with the syllabus for primary and secondary teaching that applied until 30 June 1993 (UHÄ 1988-05-31) but who have not yet undergone professional training and teaching practice shall be entitled to such training pursuant to the earlier provisions until the end of 2003.
5. Those who have commenced a programme in special needs teaching before 1 July 2001 shall be entitled to the award of a qualification pursuant to the earlier provisions until the end of June 2003.

Ordinance 2001:211


This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 July 2001. Ordinance (2009:618).

Ordinance 2001:212


This ordinance shall apply until 30 June 2006.
After that date it will continue to apply to those employed as associate senior lecturers on 30 June 2006.

Ordinance 2001:972


This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 January 2002. The new provisions of paragraphs two and three of Section 15 of Chapter 6 shall apply to degree certificates issued on 1 January 2003 or later.

Ordinance 2002:761


1. Section 3(b) of Chapter 8 of this ordinance enters into effect on 1 July 2003, and the remainder of the ordinance on 1 January 2003.

2. The new provisions shall apply for the first time to admissions to undergraduate programmes in the autumn semester of 2003 with regard to Sections 3, 4, 7, 9—11 and 16(c) of Chapter 7, and in the autumn semester of 2004 with regard to Section 13 of Chapter 7. Until then earlier provisions shall apply.

Ordinance 2003:343


1. Section 9 of Chapter 1, Section 2 of Chapter 2 and Section 1 of Chapter 10 of this ordinance enter into effect on 1 July 2003, and the remainder of the ordinance on 1 November 2003.
2. The provision in Section 18 chapter 7 shall apply for the first time in connection with applications for the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test the spring of 2004.

Ordinance 2004:383


This ordinance enters into effect on 1 July 2004. Earlier provisions shall apply to appointment procedures concerning those who have been employed as researchers by research councils.

Ordinance 2005:401


Appendix 2 of this ordinance enters into effect on 1 July 2005, and Appendix 1 on 1 October 2005.

Ordinance 2006:1053


1. Section 16 of Chapter 1of this ordinance enters into effect on 1 September 2006, and the remainder of the ordinance on 1 January 2007. With the exception of Section 16 of Chapter 1, the ordinance is to apply to admission to courses and study programmes that begin after the end of June 2007 and to the employment of doctoral students after that time, and also, unless otherwise stated in items 3 and 4 to courses and study programmes pursued after the end of June 2007 or qualifications awarded after that date.
2. Earlier provisions shall apply to admission to courses and programmes that begin before 1 July 2007 and the employment of doctoral students before that date, and also to courses and study programmes undertaken prior to 1 July 2007 or qualifications awarded before that date.
3. The earlier provisions are to apply with regard to courses or corresponding elements in doctoral programmes that begin before 1 July 2007 and continue after that date.
4. The earlier provisions are to apply to qualifications awarded after the end of June 2007, if all studies for the award of the qualification were completed in their entirety before that date.
5. Those who have started a course or study programme leading to a qualification pursuant to the earlier provisions in Annex 2 (The System of Qualifications) before 1 July 2007 and those admitted to such a programme before that date but allowed to defer the programme until after that date are entitled to complete their studies and obtain a qualification pursuant to the earlier provisions, though not later than the end of June 2015.
6. One credit awarded prior to 1 July 2007 to indicate the extent of undergraduate or graduate studies is the equivalent of one and a half credits pursuant to the new provisions.
7. The extent of a qualification that may pursuant to items 4 & 5 be awarded before the end of June 2007 as laid down in Annex 2 (Qualification Ordinance) shall be indicated in credits according to the earlier provisions. The diploma issued for a qualification referred to in item 5 shall also to indicate the corresponding extent of the qualification in higher education credits according to the new provisions.
8. The expression 'third-cycle courses and study programmes' in the new provisions corresponds to what are termed in earlier provisions 'postgraduate courses and study programmes'.
9. If previous studies or a first-cycle qualification are required for the award of a second-cycle qualification pursuant to the new provisions, those who have corresponding studies or a corresponding qualification from undergraduate programmes will also fulfil the requirements for the qualification.
10. If a specific number of credits or a qualification from previous first or second-cycle courses and study programmes are required for admission to second or third-cycle courses and study programmes, those with corresponding credits or qualifications from undergraduate programmes will also be eligible.
11. Those who meet the general entry requirements for doctoral programmes before 1 July 2007 will also be considered to meet the general entry requirements for third-cycle courses and study programmes after that, however, until no later than the end of June 2015.
12. Those admitted to undergraduate courses and study programmes who have been allowed to defer commencement of their studies until after 1 July 2007 will be considered to have been admitted to corresponding courses and study programmes pursuant to the new provisions. However, this does not apply if the student admitted has opted to make use of her or his rights pursuant to item 5.
13. It follows from item 4 of the transitional provisions in the Act (2006:173) on amendment of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) that decisions on entitlement to award qualifications made by the Government or the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education pursuant to earlier provisions continue to apply.
14. In applying Chapter 4, Section 30, item 6 of the new provisions, teaching in an undergraduate programme will be treated as equivalent to teaching in first or second-cycle courses and study programmes.
15. Those who have been admitted to undergraduate courses and study programmes pursuant to the earlier provisions may also be employed as teaching or administrative assistants pursuant to the new provisions in the second paragraph of Section 10 of Chapter 5.
16. The provision in the first paragraph of Section 10 of Chapter 6 stipulating that the certificate is to state the cycle in which a qualification is awarded is not to apply with regard to qualifications awarded pursuant to earlier provisions.
17. The earlier provisions in Section 2 of Chapter 12 continue to apply with regard to appeals against decisions that have been issued pursuant to earlier provisions.
18. The new provisions in Sections 31 & 32 of Chapter 6 stipulating that at least two supervisors are to be appointed for each doctoral student and that at least one of them must have undergone training for supervisors or judged to have corresponding skills, are to apply with regard to doctoral students commencing their studies after the end of June 2007.

Ordinance 2006:1054


1. Section 9a, 10 & 18 of Chapter 7 of this ordinance enter into effect on 15 August 2007, and the remainder of the ordinance on 1 January 2010. (Ordinance 2007:666).
2. The new provisions shall apply for the first time to admission to study programmes beginning after the end of May 2010. Ordinance (2009:1328)
3. Those who before 1 January 2010 meet the general entry requirements for admission to undergraduate courses and study programmes or courses and study programmes that begin in the first cycle of higher education shall be considered to meet the general entry requirements for courses and study programmes beginning in the first cycle of higher education. For those who prior to 1 July 2008 were considered to meet the general entry requirements laid down in Section 7 of Chapter 7 in its wording prior to 1 January 2008 this applies, however for no longer than until 31 December 2011. Ordinance (2008:229)
4. For applicants who prior to 1 January 2010 meet the general entry requirements for admission to undergraduate courses and study programmes or courses and study programmes beginning in the first cycle of higher education the corresponding earlier provisions are to be applied instead of the new items 4 - 7 & 9 in Appendix 3. Ordinance (2008:433).
5. The new provisions in Annex 3, points 3 and 8 are also to apply to grades submitted by those who have started upper-secondary education on syllabuses introduced into upper-secondary schools in the autumn of 2000 and in upper-secondary adult education on 1 July 2001. Ordinance (2008:433) The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may issue regulations stipulating that earlier grades may be recognised as credit increments

Ordinance 2007:129


1.  This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 May 2007. Unless otherwise stated in items 3 or 4, the ordinance is to apply with regard to teaching qualifications awarded after the end of June 2007.
2. The earlier provisions are to apply with regard to teaching qualifications awarded prior to 1 July 2007.
3. The earlier provisions are also to apply with regard to teaching qualifications awarded after the end of June 2007, if the courses and study programmes listed in the certificate were completed in their entirety before that date.
4. Those who commenced courses and study programmes leading to the award of a teaching qualification pursuant to the earlier provisions before 1 July 2007 and those admitted to such a programme before that date but allowed to defer commencement of the programme until later are entitled to complete their studies and obtain a teaching qualification pursuant to the older provisions, although until no later than the end of June 2018 (Ordinance 2011:687).
5. The scope of a teaching qualification that may, pursuant to 3 and 4, be awarded pursuant to the earlier provisions after the end of June 2007, is to be denominated in credits as laid down in the earlier provisions. The diploma issued for a teaching qualification referred to in point 4 is also to indicate the corresponding scope of the qualification in credits in accordance with the stipulations in item 6 of the entry-into-effect and transitional provisions in the Ordinance (2006:1053) concerning Amendment of the Higher Education Ordinance (1993:100).

Ordinance 2007:644


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 January 2008 and shall be applied for the first time to admission to courses and study programmes that begin after 30 June 2008.
2. The earlier provisions are to apply to admission to courses and study programmes that begin before 1 July 2008.
3. Those who before 1 July 2008 meet the general entry requirements for admission to courses and study programmes that begin in the first cycle shall also be considered to meet the general entry requirements for courses and study programmes beginning in the first cycle, this applies, however for no longer than until 31 December 2011.

Ordinance 2009:933


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 January 2010.
2. A higher education institution that is not a university which at the end of 2009 was entitled to award third-cycle qualifications in a disciplinary domain may thereafter also award these qualifications in a field corresponding to the disciplinary domain, however until no later than the end of 2010.
3. A higher education institution which pursuant to 2 may award third-cycle qualifications shall no later than the end of 2010 notify the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education of the fields in which the institution is offering third-cycle courses and programmes that fulfil the requirements laid down in Section 13 of Chapter 1 of the Higher Education Act (1992:1434) as well as Section 5c of Chapter 6 of the new provisions. After this notification the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education may grant the higher education institution permission to award third-cycle qualifications in these fields.
4. Entitlement to award masters degrees in a disciplinary domain awarded pursuant to earlier provisions continues to apply.

Ordinance 2009:1068


This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 January 2010. The provisions of Sections 8 and 10—11f of Chapter 6 and Section 33 of Chapter 7 will apply to courses and programmes commencing after the end of June 2010.

Ordinance 2009:1222


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 January 2010.
2. Those who prior to 1 January 2010 have begun courses and programmes at Växjö University or Kalmar University College and those previously admitted to such courses and programmes but granted deferment before commencing their studies shall be considered to be students at Linnaeus University with not new admission procedure and are entitled to complete their studies there.

Ordinance 2010:541


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 July 2010. Ordinance (2010:542).
2. Those who began a teacher education programme or a programme leading to the award of a Postgraduate Diploma in Special Needs Training before 1 July 2011 according to the previous regulations and those previously admitted to such a programme who had been granted deferment of commencement of their studies until a later date are entitled to complete their studies for the award of a qualification according to the previous regulations until the end of June 2018. Ordinance (2011:186).

Ordinance 2010:544


This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 July 2011 with regard to Section 5 of Chapter 6 and Annex 4 and otherwise on 1 July 2010.

Ordinance 2010:700


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 August 2010 and will be applied for the first time to admission to courses and programmes beginning after 31 December 2010.
2. Earlier provisions apply to admission to courses and programmes beginning before 1 January 2011.

Ordinance 2010:1064


1. This ordinance shall enter into effect on 1 January 2011.
2. The earlier provisions in items 1-5, 8 & 9 in Section 30 of Chapter 4 shall, except for the regulations on extension of fixed-term appointments, apply to those who prior to 1 January 2011 have been appointed for a fixed term pursuant to these provisions. These are to apply for as long as the appointment continues. In dealing with a case involving transition from a fixed-term appointment to an appointment for an indefinite period pursuant to the earlier provisions in item 5 of Section 30 of Chapter 4 the earlier provisions laid down in Sections 7, 8, 9 & 28 shall be applied.
3. The earlier provisions in Section 8a of Chapter 4 and item 6 in Section 30 of Chapter 4 on fixed-term appointment as an associate senior lecturer may be applied until the end of September 2011.
4. In cases concerning those appointed as associate senior lecturers the earlier provisions in item 6 of Section 30 of Chapter 4 shall apply for as long as the appointment continues.
5. Appointments of this kind may be extended pursuant to the earlier provisions.
6. The earlier provisions in Section 10 of Chapter 4 and item 7 in Section 30 of Chapter 4 on fixed-term employment as a postdoctoral research fellow may be applied until the end of September 2011.
7. In cases concerning those appointed as postdoctoral research fellows prior to 1 October 2011 the earlier provisions in item 7 of Section 30 of Chapter 4 shall apply for as long as the appointment continues. Appointments of this kind may be extended pursuant to the earlier provisions.
8. The earlier provisions in Sections 5-8a, 11-13a, 20-23 & 24a-28 of Chapter 4 shall apply to cases of promotion submitted to a higher education institution but not completed before 1 January 2011. In applying the earlier provisions the tasks for which a faculty board or corresponding body is responsible shall instead be dealt with by the individuals or groups of individuals decided by the higher education institution.
9. If an appointment procedure for a teacher in cases other than those referred to in item 7 above has begun but not been completed before 1 January 2011, the earlier provisions in Sections 2, 5-10, 15, 20-22, 24, 24a & 26-30 apply to the procedure. In applying the earlier provisions the tasks for which a faculty board or corresponding body is responsible shall instead be dealt with by the individuals or groups of individuals decided by the higher education institution.
10. In cases involving those who pursuant to item 8 above were appointed after 1 January 2011 by virtue of the earlier provisions in items 1-5, 8 & 9 in Section 30 of Chapter 4 these earlier provisions are to apply for as long as the appointment continues. The earlier provisions in items 1, 2, 5, 8 & 9 in Section 30 of Chapter 4 on extension of fixed-term appointments and conversion of fixed-term appointments to appointments for an indefinite period shall not, however, apply.
11. In calculating the length of employment of a teacher in the fine, applied and performing arts as laid down in Section 10 of Chapter 4 in the new provisions, the length of employment as a teacher in the fine, applied and performing arts pursuant to the earlier regulations in item 1 of Section 30 of Chapter 4 is to be taken into account.
12. In calculating the length of employment of an adjunct professor as laid down in Section 11 of Chapter 4 in the new provisions, the length of employment as an adjunct professor pursuant to the earlier regulations in item 2 of Section 30 of Chapter 4 is to be taken into account.
13. In calculating the length of employment of a visiting professor as laid down in Section 12 of Chapter 4 in the new provisions, the length of employment as a visiting professor pursuant to the earlier regulations in item 9 of Section 30 of Chapter 4 is to be taken into account.
14. The earlier provisions in Section 2 of Chapter 12 continue to apply to decisions issued by virtue of earlier provisions.

Ordinance 2010:2020


1. The provisions of this ordinance relating to Annex 3 to the Higher Education Ordinance and item 5 of the provisions on the entry into effect and to the transitional conditions concerning the Ordinance on Amendments to the Higher Education Ordinance (2006:1054) shall enter into effect on 15 January 2011 and otherwise on 1 January 2013.
2. The provisions in Annex 3 to the Higher Education Ordinance and item 5 of the provisions on the entry into effect and transitional conditions relating to the Ordinance on Amendments to the Higher Education Ordinance (2006:1054) shall be applied for the first time to admissions to courses and study programmes that begin after 31 May 2011. Otherwise the new provisions are to be applied for the first time to admissions to courses and study programmes that begin after 31 May 2013.
3. The earlier provisions on general entry requirements shall continue to apply to those who prior to 1 July 2015 have been awarded final school grades from a national or specially designed upper-secondary school programme or from an upper-secondary school programme in adult education.
4. In addition to what is stipulated in 3, those who meet the general entry requirements for courses or study programmes that begin in the first cycle and that are intended for new entrants to higher education prior to 1 January 2013 shall thereafter also be considered to meet the general entry requirements for courses and study programmes that begin at first-cycle level. For those who prior to 1 July 2008 were considered to meet general entry requirements of the kind laid down in in Section 7 of Chapter 7 with the wording in force until 1 January 2008, this applies, however, until no later than 31 December 2011. 
Last updated: 2012-06-29
Contact: Mattias Wande, Email: firstname.lastname@hsv.se