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Second cycle (Masters') programmes

Second cycle (Masters') programmes in Sweden are taught programmes and last for one or two years. Second cycle programmes build on the knowledge, skills and conceptual understanding acquired in first cycle programmes. In addition, they further develop the students' ability to independently apply knowledge, deal with complex phenomena, issues and situations, and acquire the skills for future careers in the professions or within academia.

A study programme or self-contained courses


Swedish students may apply to study self-contained courses or a full study programme. By selecting self-contained courses, students may build up a degree.

Alternatively, a student may apply for a full Master's programme lasting for two semesters/one year or four semesters/two years. Students may apply for a graduate diploma, usually lasting for two or three semesters. Students may also apply for a study programme that starts in the first cycle and continues into the second: these programmes last between eight semesters/four years and eleven semesters/five-and-a-half years.

Qualification descriptors


All course and programme specifications must specify the intended learning outcomes in terms of mastery of intellectual skills, mastery of knowledge and conceptual understanding, and must give details about teaching and learning strategies and methods of assessment.

Credits


Self-contained courses vary in length but usually last for five, ten or twenty weeks. A normal workload is 30 credits per semester/60 credits per year.

Assessment


There is some form of assessment at the end of every course. This may take the form of a written or oral examination or, for example, a group presentation at a seminar. There may be various forms of continual assessment. Attendance and participation, for example in seminars, may be monitored.

Grading


The most common form of grading is: fail, pass and pass with credit. However, a higher education institution may decide its own grading system and an increasing number, in light of the Bologna Process, are adopting a seven-tier grading system.

Second cycle qualifications


A one-year Master's degree in the arts, sciences, social sciences or artistic fields may be awarded on completion of 60 higher education credits, including 30 credits for advanced study in the main field, and an independent project equivalent to 15 credits.

A two-year Master's degree in the arts, sciences, social sciences or artistic fields may be awarded on completion of 120 higher education credits, including 60 credits for advanced study in the main field, and an independent project equivalent to 30 credits, or two 15-credit projects.

A professional Master's degree may be awarded on completion of between 240 and 330 higher education credits depending on the professional area, including an independent project equivalent to 30 credits, or two 15-credit projects.

A professional graduate diploma may be awarded on completion of between 60 and 90 higher education credits, including an independent project.

Admission


Applicants to Masters' programmes or graduate diplomas must have completed a first degree of at least 180 higher education credits from a Swedish HEI or from another country, or have equivalent qualifications. Applicants to professional programmes covering the first and second cycle must fulfil the entry requirements for new entrants to higher education.

For more information about applying to higher education go to universityadmissions.se.

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